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hi folks! as you know legal gk and gk are get chunk out of total mark

so I thought bringing up all the those there for CLAT in international organisation would be better to start up with my initiative from RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, PATIALA in helping people get through CLAT.

ORGANISATION OF INTERNATION IMPORTANCE :

UNITED NATIONS :

20th century witnessed two world wars so does the two groups two mitigate the wrong done by Axis powers and devastation done by allied power in the name of humanity.

First one league of Nation which came up in wwI in 1919 by Treaty of Versaillies { http://http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations}. After the fall of League of Nation during the wwII, the search of peace culminated in formation of United Nation to continue fighting against Axis Powers. This idea was first mooted by Franklin D. Roosevelt under "Declaration of United Nations" on 1st janaury 1942. Then on 26june 1945 represatative of 49+1(poland which joined later) signed United nation Charter in San Francisco.

It formally came into existence in 26october1945(UNITED NATIONS DAY) when China, France USSR ratified the same .

UN headquarter is in NEW TORK(First Avenue, UN Plaza,New York City United States)

UN flag adopted in 20 octber 1947 it had white UN emblem in blue background. emblem consist of globe projected from north pole embraced by twin olive branch.

UN official language: Chinese english russian spanish french arabic(last one in1973)

UN first general assembly held at london in 1946 under Tryvge Lie (norway) as the first sect.general.

UN membership: open to any countryrecommended by security council and 2/3 member of general assembly voting for it.

Currently 192 countries are its member Mentenegro is the last one. Switzerland , vatican city Taiwan are prominent country who are not in UN

PRINCIPLE ORGANS :

There are six principle organ

1. GENERAL ASSEMBLY:

HQ: NEW YORK .

FUNCTION: all UN bodies report to general assembly except Security Council and its sub-ordinate

UNGA ordinarily meets once a year.

2. SECURITY COUNCIL:

HQ: NEW YORK

MEMBER: USA,UK,FRANCE,RUSSIA,CHINA.

non premanent 10 member are elected from UNGA by UNGA they retire every after every two year.

3. THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL(ECOSOC)

HQ: New York

consist of 54 member elected by UNGA on 2/3 majority to serve for three year period.

4. INTERNATIONAL COURTOF JUSTICE

HQ: Hague Netherlands

Consist of 15 judges from different countries elected by UNGA,UNSC for nine year term.

J. R.S.Pathak(ex.CJI), J.B.N.Rao and J.Nagendra Singh are judges which were elected from india.

5. TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL:

HQ: New York

To safeguard inhabitants of territory which are not yet self-governing(like british columbia etc.)

members are 5 permanent UNSC members plus those who administer trust territory..

6. SECRETARIAT:

headed by Secretary General who is elected by UNGA in recommendation of UNSC.

they serve for five year and eligible for re-elect.

He is the chief administrative officer of UN who co-ordinate UN activities.

secretary were

i. Trygve Lie(Norway)

ii. Dag Hammarskjold(Sweden)

iii. U.Thant(myamar)

iv. Dr. Kurt Waldheim. (Austria)

V. javier Perez De Cueller(Peru)

VI Dr. boutros boutros ghali(egypt) shortest

vii. kofi annan (Ghana)

VII. Ban-ki-moon(south korea) present

Un got noble in 2001 in peace along with Kofi Annan

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Comment by raj singh on April 1, 2010 at 11:32pm
thanks naina
Comment by raj singh on April 1, 2010 at 11:32pm
I plead my ignorance , sorry for this typo.
Comment by Naina Rathore on April 1, 2010 at 8:05pm
its 24th october and not 26th
Comment by raj singh on March 16, 2010 at 1:55pm
thanks i'll put more org. o
Comment by Alien on March 15, 2010 at 11:08pm
this is really brilliant, thanks raj!

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