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Passage I:

It was a few minutes before air time and the talk-show host was about to begin his daily radio program. He poured himself a cup of coffee and then, turning to me, said something surprising:

“You know, this job never gets any easier,” said this erudite man who for years has presided over an extremely popular call-in show. “Every time I go on the air, I have to overcome a fear that I’ll fail; that the show won’t be any good.”

He paused. “But I’ve found out something interesting about failing. And that is, you can build on success but you really learn only from failure.”

A few days later, a letter arrived that seemed, in a way, to continue this line of thought. Written by a young man I know quite well, the letter concerned itself with the idea that adversity might offer, in the long run, more rewards than getting what you thought you wanted. My correspondent wrote:

“What I guess I’m learning from my difficult situation is a deeper sense of who I am. And what I’m capable of when it comes to handling disappointment. I think-at least I hope-I’ll come out of this a stronger person.”

Then last week, in what seemed a curious completion of the philosophy lurking beneath both these remarks, I came across this unattributed quotation in a book on mountain climbing:

“Today is a new day; you’ll get out of it just what you put into it. If you have made mistakes, even serious mistakes, you can make a new start whenever you choose. For the thing we call failure is not the falling down but the staying down.”

Few among us can claim the distinction of not knowing the sting of falling down, of “failure”. The promotion not gotten; the honor not won; the job lost; the praise denied, we’ve all known the loss of self-esteem that comes with such moments. And because the wound of failure is a deep one, we seldom risk sharing our feelings about such moments.

“Success does not necessarily build character- sometimes it doesn’t even build self-confidence,” says a friend, one judged by the world to be successful. “But most people I know-including myself- can point to a disappointment or a failure that resulted in what I would call a quantum leap of self – knowledge and self-confidence. The confidence comes from knowing that you can get through ‘failure’ and come out stronger on the other side.”

Still, she admits that it is a “painful process to go through.”

Some successful people find that they become “addicted” to honors and accolades. And when they don’t get them-when they’re just doing well at their job-not sensationally well-they feel depressed.

“It’s taken me a long time to understand that prizes and honors, while wonderful to receive, have a short shelf life,” says one successful journalist. “I have found that the sense of achievement you get from ‘winning’ needs to be constantly renewed. It’s easy to feel good about yourself when you’re winning. It’s not winning that’s hard. But that’s when you learn to dig deeper and do your best work. Not for the rewards of success but for the rewards of self- respect.”

A few years back, I found myself needing to dig down deep (and not for the first time in my life) to find a firmer foundation upon which to build my understanding of what success is and what failure is. And my friend was right: It is quite a painful experience to confront the loss of some trapping or another that seems bound up with success.

But eventually what emerged from the digging was a sense of something akin to freedom. A realization that there’s a feeling of accomplishment and success that comes from mastering the pain of failure. And then getting on with the job.

Honors and accolades are wonderful. Promotions are wonderful. Success–however you define it-is wonderful. But none of them, in my experience, really teaches you anything of lasting value about yourself.

Adversity, on the other hand, can be an inspirational teacher.

It is written somewhere that you stand on the summit for only a few moments, then the wind blows your footprints away. Life’s like that, too. Harvard Business School probably doesn’t teach that to its MBA’s. But you know what? Maybe it should.

 

1. All of the following seem to be in place, as far as the passage is concerned, except  that :

 

  • failure enables a person to come out stronger on the other side.
  • self-confidence is damaged by failure.
  • success does not always build character and self-confidence.
  • failure provides the required inspiration.

 

2 .   Which of the following would best go along with the author’s viewpoint,       as expressed in the passage ?

 

  • Nothing succeeds like success.
  • The ultimate aim is to be a winner, never mind the ways and means adopted.
  • Sweet are the uses of adversity.
  • Failure is related to a cause.

 

3 .   Failure, as conveyed by the passage, enables a person to :

 

  • undergo self introspection and thereby learn.
  • acquire a deep sense of self-identification.
  • become stronger in knowing that failure can be ‘gone and got through’.
  • All of the above.

 

4 .   Which of the following would best represent the underlying theme of the passage ?

 

  • One can build on success, but one really learns from failure.
  • Failure is a painful process to go through.
  • Prizes and honours have a dazzling effect on the recipient.
  • Success is short lived.

 

5 .   The author has described ‘failure’ in the passage as :

 

  • the cause of depression and nervous breakdown.
  • the reason for one to feel pessimistic and view life negatively.
  • the source of strength and self confidence in a person.
  • the genesis of rivalry and enmity.

 

6 .   A suitable title for the passage could be :
(1) Success And Failure. (2) Adversity-Too Painful.
(3) Success Is Transient. (4) Adversity-An Inspirational Teacher.

 

  1. Which of the following is a false conclusion drawn from the passage ?

 

  • Mastering the pain of ‘failure’ is an accomplishment.
  • Success does not build character or generate self confidence.
  • A sense of achievement derived from ‘Winning has to be renewed constantly.
  • Honours, accolades, promotions and success are good ways of acquiring self-knowledge and self-identification.

 

8 .   The author, as per the passage, :

 

  • views ‘failure’ positively.
  • looks down on ‘success’.
  • gives importance to hardwork.
  • is carried away by honour, accolades and promotions.

 

9 .   The overall effect of the passage is :

 

(1)  boring                           (2)   confusing                    (3)      convincing        (4)   imposing

 

 

10.  Which of the following is quite unlikely the source from where the     passage could have been extracted ?

 

  • Musings of a serious thinker about success and failure to be experienced in life.
  • A motivational talk given by the group leader urging the members to be strong in accepting failures.
  • An article about the dangers of being over confident.
  • The notings of a parapsychologist describing the human reaction to failures and coming out with remedies to overcome the mental setback and depression.

 

 

Answers:

1.) B 2.) C
3.) D
4.) A
5.) C
6.) D
7.) D
8.) A
9.) C

10.) C

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