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This is a thread where I will post the meanings of the word from myclatVA SMS channel.

Keep following this thread to get some awesome vocabulary which Ramanuj Sir and I have compiled over time.

 

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16-10-2011

 

1. apposite

\AP-uh-zit\ , adjective;
 
Being of striking appropriateness and relevance; very applicable; apt.

Usage:
The author gives the diagramed example, which is decidedly humorous though not entirely apposite.
-- Alan Truscott, "Bridge", New York Times, September 18, 1995
Origin:
Apposite comes from Latin appositus, past participle of apponere, "to set or put near," from ad-, "to, toward" + ponere, "to put, to place."

 

16-10-2011

 

2. lacuna

 \luh-KYOO-nuh\ , noun;
plural lacunae \luh-KYOO-nee\ or lacunas
 
A blank space; a missing part; a gap.



Usage:

Like most other writers of his generation, he was a profoundly apolitical being, not from any lacuna in his education but as a matter of principle.
-- Walter Laqueur, "The Artist in Politics", New York Times, May 15, 1983


Origin:
Lacuna is from the Latin lacuna, "a cavity, a hollow," from lacus, "a hollow."

16-10-2011

3. prevaricate

 \prih-VAIR-uh-kayt\ , intransitive verb;
 
To depart from or evade the truth; to speak with equivocation.


Usage:
The leadership's perennial obsession with secrecy led it to prevaricate about the extent of the disease in the capital for five months.
-- Roderick Macfarquhar, "Unhealthy Politics", Newsweek International, May 12, 2003


Origin:
Prevaricate derives from the past participle of Latin praevaricari, "to pass in front of, or over, by straddling; to walk crookedly; to collude," from prae, "before, in front of" + varicare, "to straddle," fromvaricus, "straddling," from varus, "bent."

17-10-2011

 

1. frangible

 \FRAN-juh-buhl\ , adjective;
 
Capable of being broken; brittle; fragile; easily broken.

 

 

Usage:
She and her frangible heart.

 

Origin:
Frangible ultimately derives from Latin frangere, "to break."

17-10-2011

 

2. plenipotentiary

 \plen-uh-puh-TEN-shee-air-ee; -shuh-ree\ ,

adjective; 
Containing or conferring full power; invested with full power; as, "plenipotentiary license; plenipotentiary ministers."
noun:
A person invested with full power to transact any business; especially, an ambassador or diplomatic agent with full power to negotiate a treaty or to transact other business.

 

 

Usage:

At that time, Egypt was our protectorate, which meant the High Commissioner was the plenipotentiary of George V and carried independent authority.
-- David Freeman, One of Us

 

 

Origin:
Plenipotentiary derives from Latin plenus, "full" + potens, "powerful."

17-10-2011

 

3. evince

\ih-VIN(T)S\ , transitive verb;
 
To show in a clear manner; to manifest; to make evident; to bring to light.

 

 

Usage:

The study showed that girls were better prepared for class, had better attendance records, and evincedmore positive academic behavior overall.
-- Christina Hoff Sommers, The War Against Boys

 

 

Origin:
Evince is from Latin evincere, "to conquer entirely, to prevail over, to prove irresistibly," from e- (here used intensively) + vincere, "to conquer."

18-10-2011

 

1. machination

 \mack-uh-NAY-shuhn; mash-\ , noun;
 
The act of plotting.
 
A crafty scheme; a cunning design or plot intended to accomplish some usually evil end.

Usage:
George was telling me how India could have been richer than the States and Kingdom combined, but for the machinations of the evil politicians people voted to power.
Origin:
Machination derives from Latin machinatio, "a contrivance, a cunning device, a machination," frommachinari, "to contrive, to devise, especially to plot evil." It is related to machine, from Latin machina, "any artificial contrivance for performing work." To machinate is to devise a plot, or engage in plotting. One who machinates is a machinator.

18-10-2011

 

2. verboten

 \ver-BOHT-n\ , adjective;
 
Forbidden, as by law; prohibited.
Usage:
I'd observed several people taking photographs of these with their camera-phones, although a sign on a tripod just inside the door announced that all photography was verboten.
Origin:
Verboten is from German, past participle of verbieten, to forbid, from Middle High German, which derives from Old High German farbiotan.

18-10-2011

 

3. penchant

 \PEN-chunt\ , noun;
 
Inclination; decided taste; a strong liking.



Usage:
Field, in his personal comportment, maintained apenchant for austerity, a contempt for frivolity, and a "steely cold" disdain for any decision not based on fundamental business principles.
-- Roland Marchand, Creating the Corporate Soul



Origin:
Penchant comes from the present participle of French pencher, "to incline, to bend," from (assumed) Late Latin pendicare, "to lean," from Latin pendere, "to weigh."
19-10-2011

1. venal

\VEE-nuhl\ , adjective;
Capable of being bought or obtained for money or other valuable consideration; held for sale; salable; purchasable.

Capable of being corrupted.

Marked by or associated with bribery and corrupt dealings.


Usage:
Yes everything is venal in this world, however sometimes you need to make right bids.


Origin:
Venal comes from the Latin venalis, from venum, "sale." It is related to vendor and vending machine. Be careful not to confuse it with venial, "easily excused or forgiven."

19-10-2011

2. obviate

  \OB-vee-ayt\ , transitive verb;
To prevent by interception; to anticipate and dispose of or make unnecessary.



Usage:
M-36 the nuclear missile was designed only to obviate asteroids however devilish those may be.

On the positive side, a flood of cheap imports could help hold down inflation and obviate the need for higher interest rates.
-- Richard W. Stevenson and David E. Sanger, "Asian CrisisCould Wreak Havoc on Balance of Trade", New York Times, December 20, 1997


Origin:
Obviate derives from Latin obviare, "to meet or encounter," from ob viam, "placed or coming in the way" (ob, "in front of"; via, "way").

 

19-10-2011

 

3. mellifluous

  \muh-LIF-loo-us\ , adjective;
Flowing as with honey; smooth; flowing sweetly or smoothly; as, a mellifluous voice.


Usage:
George's mellifluous voice had such a soothing sensation that it felt like honey to me, and I would never forget those lines.


Origin:
Mellifluous comes from Latin mellifluus, from mel, (gen. mellis) "honey" + -fluus "flowing," from fluere "to flow."

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